Adaptation Strategies / Adaptation-Mitigation Nexus

Adaptation Strategies / Adaptation-Mitigation Nexus(557)
Mainstreaming adaptation measures into development plan is an important step in policy making in response to climate change. Many policy makers are looking at no-regret options or ones that can generate multiple benefits.
14 October 2013
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11 February 2016

Spatial climate prediction is essential for assessing impacts of climate change and designing and prioritizing adaptation strategies and measures to address the impacts. Climate change projection can also facilitate land use and urban planning through the assessment of impacts of land use change on regional climate change.  Currently, climate impact assessment researchers and land use and urban planners need to either request climate prediction researchers to generate necessary data or apply dynamic downscaling to the data by themselves in order to obtain detailed spatial climate prediction data in accordance to their own purposes. However, dynamic downscaling requires advanced specialized knowledge; hence its application is extremely difficult.

Responding to the needs for making local climate change projections and assessments without advanced modeling skills, the University of Tsukuba has developed a Climate Change Downscaler. It aims to keep the workload to a minimum for those non-specialists of climate modeling to acquire information regarding local climate change projections. It also enables assessing impacts of future urbanization and farmland development on regional climate change and mitigating effects of greening and energy-saving policies on regional heat environments.

This training workshop aimed to enhance the understanding on the easy running of climate change downscaler among non-climate modeling specialists, particularly a) climate change impact assessment researchers or government officers at the national or provincial level; b) research institutes engaging in the designing of national or local adaptation strategies; and c) land use and urban planning officers. The workshop provided the participants with hands-on exercises on 1) basic functions of the downscaler, 2) specific functions of the downscaler required for particular purposes for utilization.

The workshop was attended by 26 government officials and researchers from nine countries, namely, Cambodia, Indonesia, Fiji, Japan, Malaysia, Mongolia, the Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam, and Samoa. The analysis of a pre– and post–training survey revealed an average of 80 percent improvement in the level of understanding on key subject matters including global climate models, the use of the S8 downscaler software, and the relevance and use of the downscaled climate data in the participants’ respective field of work. It also stimulated among the participants a strong interest in getting in-depth training on the downscaler software package so that they could apply it in the formulation of national policies and climate adaptation strategies.


Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Bangkok, Thailand
11 February 2016

The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies Regional Centre is hosting the 7th IGES Knowledge Café – an informal knowledge exchange and networking session held regularly in downtown Bangkok – on Tuesday, 16 February 2016 at 10:00am.

This time we are very pleased to have with us Mr. Youssef Arfaoui, Mitigation Coordinator, from the Green Climate Fund to share his thoughts on financing climate change projects in the region, particularly with the Paris climate talks behind us. We will discuss what’s ahead for countries – more specifically, what financial mechanisms are available, how they will operate, and, ultimately, how countries can get money.

This session will be moderated by avid environmentalist and IGES Senior Policy Advisor, Dr. Peter King.


Anyone interested in environmental issues and financing climate change is cordially invited to attend, ask questions, share perspectives, and network.

Previous café participants usually include representatives from development agencies, government, private sector, civil society, and media.

Admission is free and light snacks and coffee will be served. Please RSVP via email to by 15 February 2016.

Date: Tuesday, 16 February 2016
Time: 10:00am – 12:00pm
Venue: Foreign Correspondents' Club of Thailand
Organizer: Institute for Global Environmental Strategies Regional Centre

Please RSVP to Ms. Sunantha Koh-Ten by 15 February 2016. 

Venue: Foreign Correspondents' Club of Thailand
Penthouse, Maneeya Center Building
518/5 Ploenchit Road (connected to the BTS Skytrain Chitlom station)
Patumwan, Bangkok 10330
Web Site:
FCCT map

Youssef Arfaoui
Mr. Youssef Arfaoui is the Mitigation Coordinator at the Green Climate Fund. He was previously Chief Renewable Energy Specialist at the African Development Bank. He closed a good number of deals: on Geothermal (500MW); Wind (1200MW), Hydro (600MW), Cogen (90MW) and Solar (300MW), taking into account the implementation of the two climate pillars: mitigation and adaptation.

He also took initiatives to a number of clean investments:

  1. Introduction and implementation clean investments to the African Development Bank, where he led and closed many transactions in both the public and private sectors.
  2. Preparation of clean investments strategy and policy of the African Development Bank, such Clean Energy Investment Framework for Africa (CEIF). 

Mr. Arfaoui brings expertise to the Green Climate Fund specifically in project financing. His current main responsibility at the Fund is to promote Clean Investments with primary focus on mitigation. 

Mr. Arfaoui holds a M. Sc. in Mechanical Engineering combined with Finance from the Technical University of Denmark. He has a wide range of experience in the energy sector, specifically renewable energy technologies.


Previously known as the Evening Café, the IGES Knowledge Café facilitates discussions on emerging environmental issues among practitioners and anyone interested in these issues. The Café brings together likeminded people to exchange ideas, knowledge, and experiences. IGES initiates these events but welcomes other interested organisations to co-host and foster this growing community of practice. 

Past Café summaries can be viewed at the bottom of this page. Suggestions for topics are also welcome.


IGES established its first overseas project office in Thailand in 2003. In early 2011, the project office was upgraded to the IGES Regional Centre to strengthen its functions and expand its activities under the mission of IGES. The Regional Centre works to strengthen IGES’s partnerships with key stakeholders in the region; provides secretariat services for regional networks specialising in climate change adaptation, environmental enforcement and compliance, and sustainable development; and engages in related regional activities to facilitate environmental policy development. 


Sunantha Koh-Ten (Ms.)
Institute for Global Environmental Strategies
Bangkok Regional Centre
Tel. 02-651-8797 ext. 31

FCCT, Bangkok, Thailand
22 December 2015


“The Workshop for Capacity Building on Climate Change Impact Assessments and Adaptation Planning in the Asia-Pacific Region: Technical Review of Background Assessment for Climate Change Adaptation” was held on 27-28 January 2016, in Manila, Philippines. This was a follow-up event of the previous workshop, “The Workshop for Capacity Building on Climate Change Impact Assessments and Adaptation Planning in the Asia-Pacific Region: Needs and Challenges for Designing and Implementing Climate Actions” in Bangkok, Thailand on 1-2 October 2015.

Effective adaptation planning depends on the support of robust assessments to identify both adaptation needs and appropriate responses. In this workshop, the necessary background assessments for climate change adaptation (CCA) were categorised into three distinct types: 1) assessment of climate change scenarios and impacts; 2) assessment of risks, hazards and vulnerabilities associated with climate change impacts; and 3) assessment of effectiveness of CCA countermeasures.

According to Technical Guidelines for the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Process (UNFCCC, 2012) for least developed countries, the NAP process included four elements: A) Lay the Groundwork and Address Gaps (“stocktaking” stage); B) Preparatory Element (“assessment” stage); C) Implementation Strategies (“implementation” stage); and D) Reporting, Monitoring and Review (“M&E” stage). Under Element B of the NAP Process, five steps were identified. While the first three steps covered background assessments, steps four and five related more directly to the actual planning for adaptation. Considering the importance of robust assessments in securing effective planning, the three categories of assessment addressed in this workshop corresponded directly with those identified in steps B.1, B.2 and B.3 of the NAP process guidelines.

This workshop aimed to identify key requirements of the CCA background assessments at the subnational and/or national levels on the key sectoral and/or cross-sectoral bases (e.g., agriculture, water resources, health, etc.). The expected outputs from this workshop included a better understanding and identification of effective and feasible tools of CCA background assessments and the best practices. Approximately 60 participants were invited to the workshop, including those who are engaged in the field of climate change adaptation (e.g., national government officials, policy makers, practitioners, and researchers) in the Asia‐Pacific region.

Presentation files


Manila, Philippines


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