Adaptation Strategies / Adaptation-Mitigation Nexus

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Adaptation Strategies / Adaptation-Mitigation Nexus(537)
Mainstreaming adaptation measures into development plan is an important step in policy making in response to climate change. Many policy makers are looking at no-regret options or ones that can generate multiple benefits.
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14 October 2013
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28 February 2012

Introduction
Responding to climate change galvanized the importance of planning for the future in light of the current trends in global carbon consumption. These may lead into many different scenarios that could be derived from a range of different assumptions depending on how global society will be organized over the next thirty to fifty years. Such projections could aid in the formulation of strategic policy options that might be implemented in the coming decades to help mitigate carbon consumption as well as design adaptation measures to respond to forecasted climate impacts. However, given the implications for climate change that permeates all aspects of society (economic, social and environmental), developing an adaptation strategy and response first requires us to make projections of the future societies these response strategies are to support.
The workshop “Quy Nhon 2050, Visioning City Development Options and Planning for Climate Change Adaptation” was developed to address to these challenges. The style of workshop, which put emphasis on creative thinking from all participants through interactive exercises generated a productive dynamic and equally unique outcome. Through the use of long-term scenario-based planning, extensive public participation at the community level and the participation of journalists, the workshop was the first of its kind in Viet Nam.
Objectives
The main objectives of this workshop include:
1. Introduce the concept of long-term planning under a dynamic socio-economic condition
2. Introduce the concept of multiple scenarios development as a tool for responding to future uncertainties
3. Introduce the concept of a holistic view of the future that embraces climate changein conjunction with socio-economic change, to formulate story lines for testing the effectiveness of various development strategies toward providing climate change resilience across all sectors of society
4. Introduce the concept of climate change adaptation as a dynamic process, requiring repeated and on-going planning and testing over time
The workshop aimed to assist the journalists to identify the Quy Nhon City’s current challenges, outline the scenarios of the city in context of climate change by 2050 and develop strategies to address foreseen issues in the future. It also aimed to convey to the local authorities that the climate change adaptation actions are not just responsibilities of the municipal government but part of wider efforts for further development of the city with participation of communities.
The workshop was conducted in Vietnamese by a facilitator from TBWA/Thailand and was supported by a Vietnamese facilitator. A total of four Vietnamese facilitators assisted in the workshop – one researcher and policy maker, one community based disaster risk management expert and two journalists who provided support for group discussion.
Activities
The workshop began with field trip aimed to expose the participants to the core challenges the coastal communities in Quy Nhon are facing while working to meet their development objectives while responding to climate change at the same time. This was followed by a kick-off activity where all participants were briefed on (i) the national climate change policies by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment and (ii) the regional perspective on climate change adaptation by APAN. 

A feature film, The Butterfly Effect, was shown to the participants to set the background for workshop discussion. The participants then visited the Development Planet System photo exhibition to understand the current context and consequences of development directions of Quy Nhon City. The concepts of Future Context and Climate Change Planet System were presented and discussed among the participants, focusing on the interrelation among the different areas in the city. The next day the participants were asked to visualize and imagine what Quy Nhon City would be in 2050 based on their observations from the field trip and photo exhibition develop news headlines and scenario stories. A “Hats Game (Other People’s View)” was conducted afterwards to identify key concerns and solutions raised by the participants from different points of view.
Participants
Over 60 participants attended the workshop, including 23 journalists with diverse backgrounds from different provinces of Viet Nam; 5 ministry-level government offcials; 16 representatives from the local government, development planning office, business sector, and local community; 12 member staff from the national partner organizations in Vietnam and and eight non-Vietnamese participants from APAN, AKP, TBWA/ Thailand, SEA START and SUMERNET.
Results
The participant journalists took notes and records of their field trips around Quy Nhon City. These will be arranged and compiled as “archives” for the city. The participants also proposed initiatives to draft the climate change scenarios for Quy Nhon city in the future. Through the workshop, the journalists gained more knowledge on the climate change, and improved their skills and methods on effective communication to raise people’s awareness on their climate change adaptation abilities.

Related Files
›› e-Flyer

Coastal City of Quy Nhon, Binh Dinh Province, Vietnam
27 January 2012

This meeting was held parallel to the Climate Summit for a Living Himalayas which was held from 14-19 November 2011. The meeting was attended by approximately 45 participants including government representatives, NGOs, practitioners and individuals interested in climate change issues

Objectives
a) To introduce UNEP networking approach including APAN to climate change focal points and experts.
b) To hold discussions and exchange views and ideas on major challenges to address climate change (e.g. types of capacity gaps, knowledge and information gaps, gaps in policies and legislation etc.)
c) To identify priorities and support needs to overcome those challenges.
d) To identify potential national institutions for the network to support government for their informed decision-making.
e) To present the ‘Gap analysis study on climate adaptation in South Asia.

Summary
The consultative meeting was divided into six sessions spanning over two days. Day one comprised of three sessions and the remaining sessions were held on the second day.
The welcoming and opening remarks were delivered by Dr. Dechen Tsering, Deputy Director of UNEP-ROAP and a representative from CANSA/RSPN. This was followed by the second session which introduced the networking approach of UNEP as presented by Mr. Mozaharul Alam, the Regional Climate Change Coordinator for UNEP-ROAP. A presentation giving an overview and background of the Asia Pacific Adaptation Network (APAN) was delivered by Dr. Puja Sawhney, Coordinator of APAN, to provide the participants information and latest updates regarding APAN activities. There was then a presentation by Dr. Madhav B. Karki and Dr. Bhaskar Karky, ICIMOD, on climate change mitigation and adaptation in the Hindu Kush Himalayas. Dr. Dil Bahadur Rahut, South Asia University, presented a report regarding the climate change adaptation and mitigation options for Bhutan.
The third session consisted of a presentation on expected services by the Climate Technology Center and Network that was conceptualised under the Cancun Agreement by Mr. Alam, followed by an open discussion. The first point of discussion focused on specific needs in South Asian context for tackling the capacity gaps, knowledge and information gaps, gaps in policies and legislation related to mitigation. The succeeding discussion attempted to elicit from the participants recommendations for priorities and support needs to overcome the challenges identified in the prior discussion. The fourth session began with presentation on ecosystem based climate change adaptation by Mr. Alam. A presentation sharing the perspectives of Global Water Project (GWP) on climate change was delivered by Dr. Dhruba Raj Pant, representing the GWP, South Asia. This was followed by the presentation of the results of the scoping study regarding the gaps in climate change adaptation practices in South Asia by Ms. Sreeja Nair of TERI. A participant discussion was conducted to provide an opportunity for the participants to comment, review and give recommendation to improve the results of the gap analysis study presented by Ms. Nair. The participants exchanged views and ideas on the major challenges identified in the report and the specific needs that require prioritisation in the sub-region.
The fifth session consisted of a presentation on the importance of adaptation knowledge in South Asia by Ms. Roopa Rakshit, Senior Knowledge Management Officer, Regional Resource Center for Asia and the Pacific (RRC.AP). The presentation tackled opportunities for knowledge generation, existing gaps and the benefits and contribution of networking in the sub-region.
The last session began with the introduction of CANSA as the sub-regional node of APAN by Mr. Sanjay Vashist, Director, CANSA. Dr. Sawhney then proceeded to present the capacity building activities at the regional and national level of APAN. An open floor discussion followed to solicit the participants’ expectations from APAN. The discussion also opened up suggestions and recommendations on how to engage other initiatives /partners (including governments, INGO/ NGOs, Private Sector, Practitioners, academia, and centres of excellence in the sub-region. Mr. Alam then presented the planned activities for the sub-region with regards to knowledge management and capacity development/ training and the possible engagement of the private sector in these activities. During the participant discussions, the need for capacity building was emphasised in terms of support for local climate change action planning and development. They also scored the need to assist local governments in efficiently and effectively channelling and accessing adaptation funds, as well as drafting quality project proposals for climate change adaptation projects for this purpose.
The participants also noted that, while private initiatives are important, they are scattered and working in ad hoc conditions. There needs to be a permanent structure, a strong coordinating body, within the national government to monitor and evaluate projects. Participants also highlighted the need to foster regional cooperation in addressing climate change adaptation.

The consultative meeting concluded with closing remarks from the representatives of CANSA/RSPN, APAN and Mr. Alam.

Related Files
›› Proceedings
›› List of Participants

Presentations
››  APAN capacity building activities at regional and national level: Puja Sawhney, APAN Coordinator
›› Climate change adaptation and mitigation options for Bhutan: Dil Bahadur Rahut, South Asian University
›› Climate change adaptation in South Asia: GWP perspective: Dhruba Pant
›› Climate change adaptation in South Asia: Sreeja Nair, TERI
›› Developing knowledge for integrating adaptation and mitigation: pilot REDD plus in community managed forest in Nepal: Madhav B Karki & Bhaskar Singh Karky, ICIMOD
›› Expected services by climate technology center and network under Cancun agreement: types of services: UNEP
›› Introduction to UNEP climate change sub-programme networking approach and status: UNEP
›› Next steps on planning future activities in South Asia's knowledge management capacity development training at sub-regional level: engagement of private sector: Adaptation Knowledge Platform
›› Next steps on planning future activities for South Asia's knowledge management capacity development training at sub-regional level: engagement of private sector: suggestion for discussion
›› Overview and background of APAN: Puja Sawhney, APAN Coordinator

Agenda

---DAY 1: 16 NOVEMBER 2011---
Session 1: Welcome and Opening
14:00 - 14:10 Welcome Address
Dechen Tsering (Ms.), Ph.D.Deputy Regional Director, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
14:00 - 14:20 Opening Remarks
CANSA/ RSPN
14:00 - 14:30 Introduce agenda, objectives, expected outputs and self-introduction of participants
Mr. Mozaharul Alam, Regional Climate Change Coordinator, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Session 2: UNEP Networking Approach and Status
14:30 - 14:45 Introduce UNEP Networking Approach
Mr. Mozaharul Alam, Regional Climate Change Coordinator, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
14:45 - 15:00 Overview and background of the Asia Pacific Adaptation Network (APAN)
Dr. Puja Sawhney, Coordinator of the Regional Hub for Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation (APAN), IGES
15:00 - 15:30 Tea Break
15:30 - 15:45 Developing knowledge for integrating Adaptation and Mitigation: Pilot REDD + in Community Managed Forest Nepal
Dr. Madhav B. Karki and Dr. Bhaskar Karky , ICIMOD
15:45 - 16:00 Climate Change: Adaptation and Mitigation Options for Bhutan
Dr. Dil Bahadur Rahut, South Asia University
Session 3: Expectations and exchange views and ideas on major challenges - Mitigation
16:00 - 16:30 Presentation on Expected Services by Climate Technology Center and Network under Cancun Agreement
Mr. Mozaharul Alam, Regional Climate Change Coordinator, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
16:30 - 17:00 Discussion on specific needs in South Asian Context (e.g. capacity gaps, knowledge and information gaps, gaps in policies and legislation) related to Mitigation
All participants
17:00 - 17:30 Discussion on priorities and support needs to overcome those challenges
All participants
---DAY 2: 17 NOVEMBER 2011---
Session 4: Opening and exchange views and ideas on major challenges - Adaptation
09:00 - 09:15 Approaches of Mainstreaming Climate Change and Ecosystem Based Adaptation
Mr. Mozaharul Alam, Regional Climate Change Coordinator, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
09:30 - 10:30 Climate Change Adaptation in South Asia
Ms. Sreeja Nair, Centre for Global Environment Research, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) 
10:30 - 10:45 Climate Change Adaptation: GWP Perspective
Dr. Dhruba Raj Pant, GWP
10:45 - 11:00 Tea Break
11:00 - 12:00 Discussion on specific needs in South Asian Context (e.g. capacity gaps, knowledge and information gaps, gaps in policies and legislation) related to Adaptation
All participants

Session 5: Knowledge Management and climate change adaptation
12:00 - 12:45 Importance of Adaptation Knowledge in South Asia and next step (knowledge generation, gaps and network)
Ms. Roopa Rakshit, Senior Knowledge Management Officer, Regional Resource Center for Asia and the Pacific (RRC.AP)
12:45 - 13:00 Q&A
13:00 - 14:00 Lunch

Session 6: Implementation of Activities under Network
14:00 - 14:30 Introduction of CANSA as sub-regional node of APAN
Mr. Sanjay Vashist, Director, CANSA
14:30 - 15:00 APAN capacity building activities at regional and national level
Dr. Puja Sawhney, Coordinator of the Regional Hub for Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation (APAN), IGES
15:00 - 15:15 Tea Break
15:15 - 16:15 Open floor discussion 
- Expectations from APAN 
- How to engage other initiatives /partners (including governments, INGO/ NGOs, Private Sector, Practitioners, academia, and centers of excellence in the region
16:15 - 17:15 Next steps (including planning for future activities in South Asia for Knowledge management and Capacity development/ training at the sub regional level/ engagement of private sector)
Mr. Mozaharul Alam, Regional Climate Change Coordinator, UNEP ROAP 
Suggestion for Discussion
Adaptation Knowledge Platform
17:15 - 17:30 Closing Remarks
CANSA/RSPN, APAN, Mr. Mozaharul Alam, Regional Climate Change Coordinator, UNEP ROAP

 

Thimpu, Bhutan
23 June 2011

As part of the ongoing project entitled “Scientific capacity development of trainers and policy-makers for climate change adaptation planning in the Asia and Pacific” funded by the Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN), the Asia Pacific Adaptation Network (APAN) held the second Training Needs Assessment (TNA) Meeting on March 11, 2011 in AIT Campus, Bangkok, Thailand. Since the first TNA meeting organized on January 31,2011 already came up with certain agreements on the modalities for conducting TNA in five targeted project countries including Bangladesh, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Mongolia and Nepal, this second TNA meeting aimed at : (i) Reviewing the process of conducting TNA in the five countries by the national partners, (ii) Discussing the advantages, constraints, challenges and other issues practically faced by the national partners in conducting the TNA, and (iii) Finding out the solutions to overcome and the ways forward to continue detailed TNA. Subsequent to this meeting, training modules will be drafted in a module design workshop tentatively planned for August 2011 which will be pilot tested and scaled-up to other countries and sectors in collaboration with various Network partners. The participants at the meeting included the project partners from the five countries mentioned above, APAN and IGES, UNEP-ROAP and AIT-UNEP RRC.AP.

The meeting consisted of presentations by project partners on the status of the TNA project covering aspects related to the process followed, the establishment of the TNA team, desk review of existing training programs, questionnaire survey process, and certain results. Issues related to carrying out the TNA were discussed in details during the meeting including how to determine the sample size, what should be the sectoral focus, how to keep a balance of content between adaptation and mitigation and so on. At the end of the meeting clearer understanding and consequences was reached to conduct the TNA in the specific context of each country. The schedule of activities that include the TNA monitoring process, submission of country reports and the preparation for training modules design workshop in August 2011 were also discussed and agreed to at the meeting.
 

Related Files
›› Proceedings : Cambodia, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Bangladesh, Lecture on Training Principles, Plan for Next Steps and Concluding Remarks, including Acknowledgements, Executive Summary, Background and Meeting Objectives, Agenda, List of Participants, Meeting Photos

Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand

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