Adaptation Strategies / Adaptation-Mitigation Nexus

Adaptation Strategies / Adaptation-Mitigation Nexus(551)
Mainstreaming adaptation measures into development plan is an important step in policy making in response to climate change. Many policy makers are looking at no-regret options or ones that can generate multiple benefits.
03 May 2018
Smaller business are the backbone of the economy in developing countries, but they are also hit the hardest by climate change. A new publication looks at how they can adapt and create climate resilience.
Best Practice / Lessons Learned


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14 October 2013
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27 February 2018
Different departments of the state, which come under eleven different missions of SAPCC, have not been able to prepare Project Concept Notes (PCNs) for undertaking projects under climate change adaptation and mitigation.


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30 April 2012

Held on 12-13 March 2012 at the United Nations Conference Centre in Bangkok, the second Asia-Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forum brought together about 700 participants, including adaptation practitioners, policy-makers, specialists from various fields in climate change, government functionaries and representatives of donor agencies from across the world to discuss climate change adaptation topics that cut across governance issues, management, technology, and replicability. 

The forum underlined the human dimension of climate change with speaker after speaker reiterating that the only way to prepare for an unknown future was by building upon what we already have. While some advocated a big push for resilience, others emphasized the need for climate-proofing infrastructure, and yet others called for first acknowledging the stakeholders, and then involving them in the multi-layered process of adaptation. But almost all the participants were unanimous about the necessity of marrying the top-down and bottom-up approaches to obtain optimal results. 

The Forum focused on “Adaptation in Action”, signifying a shift from deliberations to decisions, plans to policies, and from policies to practices. In particular, it sought to link knowledge to adaptation actions, and spotlighted the challenges of governance underlying adaptation decision-making. 

This was abundantly reflected in the 24 panel discussions with 150 resource persons focusing on a diverse array of subjects ranging from national-level plans, government-led policy interventions, private sector initiatives, and gender and community-based adaptation, to agriculture, ecosystems management, disaster mitigation, the role of media and the importance of climate-proofing cities. 

The Forum also hosted a vibrant marketplace with over 30 colorful booths showcasing information and adaptation solutions, which were generally a mix of community- and eco-based approaches often injected with a shot of technology. 

The participants were also treated to a film festival highlighting documentaries on adaptation and mitigation besides a musical performance by Ruhan, a leading diva from China. 

Dr. Bindu Lohani, Vice President, Asian Development Bank (ADB), Philippines called for an integrative and transformational approach to climate change adaptation besides the need to strengthen resilience. He asserted that it was imperative to understand the social dimension of climate change to move closer to resilience. This means appreciating how climate change affects migration, livelihood security, and public health. 

Dr. Johan Kuylenstierna, Executive Director Designate, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Sweden said “The future is not what it used to be”. Kuylenstierna said though we can learn a lot from history, the future doesn’t tell us everything. Hence, adaptation practitioners must first figure out the stakeholders to ensure that adaptation messages reach the intended audiences. 

While the first two plenary sessions focused on adaptation in practice, the third plenary session dwelt on governance and adaptation. “To build on what we already have”, “adapting what we've got” and “to change our mindsets to adapt” were three key messages from the expert speakers.

For more information about the Asia-Pacific Adaptation Forum 2012, including proceedings report, forum evaluation summary, videos, daily bulletins, and more, visit

United Nations Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok, Thailand
25 April 2012

The Southeast Asia sub-regional consultation meeting began during the afternoon session of the APEC Symposium in Manila, Philippines on February 8, 2012. Delegates from APAN held a two-hour session in the Symposium program to i) open the Consultation Meeting by introducing its objectives and expected outputs, ii) introduce APAN and its knowledge management and capacity building activities, iii) introduce ICLEI and SEARCA as SRN and TN of APAN respectively. Participants included both groups, the Symposium group (40 participants ) and Consultation Meeting group (24 government officials working on climate change and coming from 9 Southeast Asia countries including Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam)

On the second day of Consultation Meeting, several presentations were delivered on subjects such as COP17 outcomes related to capacity building and training on climate change adaptation, climate change adaptation and mitigation in Southeast Asia, integrating climate change adaptation and mitigation measures in urban management, etc. The presentation of ICLEI on overall climate change activities in the sub-region and the needs of countries showed three major gaps and needs, including i) How to mainstream the climate change adaptation and mitigation into development planning process at both national and local levels?; ii) How to translate science, experiences and best practices into decision making processes, especially at local government level?; and iii) How to link the policy to effective implementation?

›› Proceedings Report

Agenda & Presentations

DAY 1: 8 February  (Boracay Room)

13:00 – 13:30 Registration

13:30 – 13:50  Opening Remarks - Objectives and expected outputs of the consultation meeting

                           Mr. Mozaharul Alam, Regional Climate Change Coordinator, UNEP ROAP

13:50 – 14:10 Overview  and background of the Asia Pacific Adaptation Network (APAN)

                          Dr. Puja Sawhney, Coordinator of the Regional Hub for Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation (APAN), IGES Bangkok Regional Center 

14:10-14:30    Capacity building on climate change adaptation

                          Dr. Le Thi Thu Huong, Climate Change Adaptation Specialist - Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation (APAN), IGES Bangkok Regional Center

14:30 – 14:50 Knowledge management on climate change adaptation

                          Ms. Jihuyn Kim, Knowledge Management Coordinator, IGES Bangkok Regional Center

14:50 – 15:10 Introduction of ICLEI as sub-regional node of APAN

                          Mr. Victorino E. Aquitania, Regional Director, ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, Southeast Asia Secretariat

15:10 – 15:30 Introduction of SEARCA as thematic node of APAN

                          Dr. Mariliza V. Ticsay, Coordinator, SEARCA Knowledge Center on Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in Southeast Asia (KC3)

15:30 – 16:00 Tea  break and networking

16:00 – 18:00 Synthesis session of APEC symposium – Closing remarks


DAY 2: 9 February (Kamia Room)

8:30 – 9:00     Registration

9:00 – 9:30     COP17 outcomes related to capacity building and training on climate change adaptation

                          Mr. Mozaharul Alam, Regional Climate Change Coordinator, UNEP ROAP

9:30 – 9:45      Financing for climate change adaptation

                          Ms. Jihuyn Kim, Knowledge Management Coordinator, IGES Bangkok Regional Center

9:45– 10:30    Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Southeast Asia


10:30– 10:45  Tea Break

10:45 – 11:15 The Philippines’ National Climate Change Action Plan

                          Climate Change Commission

11:15 – 11:45 Presentation of ICLEI on overall CC activities in the sub-region and the needs of countries

11:45 – 12:15 Integrating Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Measures in Urban Management

                          Dinky Von Einsiedel

12:15 – 13:15 Lunch

13:15 – 14:45 Open floor discussion

                           - Needs in Southeast Asia related to Mitigation and Adaptation

                           - Priorities, challenges and support needs

14:45 – 15:00 Tea Break

15:00 – 16:00 Open floor discussion 

                          - Expectations from APAN 

                          - What they can offer/contribute

                          - How to engage other initiatives /partners (including governments, INGO/ NGOs, Private Sector, Practitioners, academia, and centers of excellence in the region) 

16:00 – 17:00 Plan for future activities in Southeast Asia for Knowledge Management and Capacity Development/ Training at the sub-regional/ national level/ engagement of private sector

17:00 – 17:15 Closing Remarks

                          Mr. Mozaharul Alam, Regional Climate Change Coordinator, UNEP ROAP

Manila, Philippines
11 March 2012

The Environmental Innovators program at Keio University is holding the second annual symposium on “Programs and Actions on Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC)”. The topic this year is “From Post-Disaster Reconstruction to the Creation of Resilient Societies”. Special attention will be paid to the challenges faced in response to the devastation that struck the Tohoku region of Japan this March, with the general theme being the creation of resiliency in the wake of disaster.

›› Symposium Summary
›› Presentation Files

›› Proceedings Report 

Keio University, Tokyo, Japan


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