Adaptation Strategies / Adaptation-Mitigation Nexus

Adaptation Strategies / Adaptation-Mitigation Nexus(550)
Mainstreaming adaptation measures into development plan is an important step in policy making in response to climate change. Many policy makers are looking at no-regret options or ones that can generate multiple benefits.
03 May 2018
Smaller business are the backbone of the economy in developing countries, but they are also hit the hardest by climate change. A new publication looks at how they can adapt and create climate resilience.
Best Practice / Lessons Learned


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14 October 2013
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27 February 2018
Different departments of the state, which come under eleven different missions of SAPCC, have not been able to prepare Project Concept Notes (PCNs) for undertaking projects under climate change adaptation and mitigation.


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22 December 2015


“The Workshop for Capacity Building on Climate Change Impact Assessments and Adaptation Planning in the Asia-Pacific Region: Technical Review of Background Assessment for Climate Change Adaptation” was held on 27-28 January 2016, in Manila, Philippines. This was a follow-up event of the previous workshop, “The Workshop for Capacity Building on Climate Change Impact Assessments and Adaptation Planning in the Asia-Pacific Region: Needs and Challenges for Designing and Implementing Climate Actions” in Bangkok, Thailand on 1-2 October 2015.

Effective adaptation planning depends on the support of robust assessments to identify both adaptation needs and appropriate responses. In this workshop, the necessary background assessments for climate change adaptation (CCA) were categorised into three distinct types: 1) assessment of climate change scenarios and impacts; 2) assessment of risks, hazards and vulnerabilities associated with climate change impacts; and 3) assessment of effectiveness of CCA countermeasures.

According to Technical Guidelines for the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Process (UNFCCC, 2012) for least developed countries, the NAP process included four elements: A) Lay the Groundwork and Address Gaps (“stocktaking” stage); B) Preparatory Element (“assessment” stage); C) Implementation Strategies (“implementation” stage); and D) Reporting, Monitoring and Review (“M&E” stage). Under Element B of the NAP Process, five steps were identified. While the first three steps covered background assessments, steps four and five related more directly to the actual planning for adaptation. Considering the importance of robust assessments in securing effective planning, the three categories of assessment addressed in this workshop corresponded directly with those identified in steps B.1, B.2 and B.3 of the NAP process guidelines.

This workshop aimed to identify key requirements of the CCA background assessments at the subnational and/or national levels on the key sectoral and/or cross-sectoral bases (e.g., agriculture, water resources, health, etc.). The expected outputs from this workshop included a better understanding and identification of effective and feasible tools of CCA background assessments and the best practices. Approximately 60 participants were invited to the workshop, including those who are engaged in the field of climate change adaptation (e.g., national government officials, policy makers, practitioners, and researchers) in the Asia‐Pacific region.

Presentation files


Manila, Philippines
08 December 2015

A variety of stakeholders of developing countries have greatly contributed to mainstreaming adaptation into national development strategies/ plans and/or national adaptation planning (NAP) processes as well as implementation of relevant actions which cope with sustainable development and the impacts of climate change. Bilateral and Multilateral donors have provided cooperation to such process and implementation of actions in developing countries. There are a variety of different kinds of experiences of, best practices of, and lessons from each process and actions, however, these are not well known among relevant actors. Therefore, MOEJ will take an initiative to develop 5 case studies of NAP processes as well as 5 case studies of actions in different sectors, which are developed and implemented in the Asia-Pacific region. In addition, MOEJ will develop a handbook, including case studies, lessons, based on studies, and process of main donors' assistance as well as organize a workshop to share these case studies and others among stakeholders.

Pattaya, Thailand
03 December 2015

Professional skills are needed to adapt to climate change. The knowledge base and competencies required are rapidly changing as organisations gear up programmes and communities engage in action. GCAP and the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment at the University of Oxford bring together world experts in a programme that integrates the technical and leadership skills needed to take forward adaptation. Our senior team has a proven track record in delivering leadershipbased capacity building through the Oxford Adaptation Academy.

Learn more at

University of Oxford, UK


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