Vulnerability of Communities to Climate Variability and Extremes: Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed in the Philippines
Previous studies relevant to climate change in watershed areas have focused on the biophysical aspects (see, for instance, Jose et al., 1996). Completely lacking arestudies that delve into the human dimension of climate change in these areas. In particular, there is hardly information on the impacts of climate change on localcommunities inhabiting these watersheds. Even more limited is the knowledge on the vulnerability of these communities to climate variability and extremes and their coping mechanism to minimize the adverse impacts of these phenomena. This paper hopes to fill this gap. It synthesizes the results of pioneering research on the vulnerability of local communities to climate variability and extremes within the Pantabangan–Carranglan Watershed located in northern Philippines. The focus is on the local scale, that is, on households and communities living within the watershed.