A POLICY CONTRIBUTION-ORIENTED RESEARCH PROJECT “VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES FOR PERMAFROST REGIONS IN MONGOLIA”
Climate warming has caused the degradation of the permafrost in Mongolia, which has considered accelerating reduction of water resources and put a negative effect on terrestrial ecosystems and pastoral productivity. Policies and processes to mitigate for these effects are urgently required. In response to these requirements, a policy contribution-oriented research project “Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Strategies for Permafrost Regions in Mongolia” has been approved by Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan. The project will try to develop two evaluation systems: one is the evaluation system for environmental vulnerabilities caused by permafrost degradation, and other is that for environmental capacity and climate change adaptive policies. The first priority is to determine the extent of permafrost degradation and the associated effects on terrestrial ecosystems. Analyzing the various factors that make the ecosystem vulnerable is the next priority. The effects of these factors on the environmental capacity will be measured. Finally, adaptive policies will be recommended for sustainable development, preservation of the environment, and maintenance of the pastoral economy.