Evidence for Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction Synergies of Interventions: An Inductive Approach
Climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) have emerged as two most important disciplines out of our efforts of addressing the impacts associated with climate change and nature disasters. DRR has long history, took several years to emerge as a discipline out of centuries of responding to natural disasters and has received much needed impetus only after the Johannesburg Plan of Action has called for mainstreaming DRR into development in 2002. Though societies have been adapting to change since time immemorial, adaptation to climate change can be considered a relatively new discipline, has rapidly developed during recent years and took much less time to emerge as an important consideration to be mainstreamed into development. Today, both CCA and DRR are two important aspects, apart from environment, that most development partners (governments, NGOs, bi- and multi-lateral organizations, aid agencies etc.) consider in their interventions. These questions have often been asked by various stakeholders while mainstreaming CCA and DRR into development: a) what are the synergies between CCA and DRR, b) can CCA interventions have DRR outcomes and vice versa, c) to what extent these synergies be maximized and d) what approaches will help maximize these synergies. Addressing each of these questions can be a dedicated research topic in itself. However, here, a modest effort was made by the research team to address some of these questions through a combination of approaches.