Enhancing direct access to the Green Climate Fund

Policy Brief / Strategy Brief

Enhancing direct access to the Green Climate Fund

ORGANISER: Germanwatch, Frankfurt School, CDKN
AUTHORS: Johannes Berliner, Christine Grüning, Carola Menzel, Sven Harmeling


June 2013

A new policy brief on Enhancing Direct Access to the Green Climate Fund by the Frankfurt School, Germanwatch and ENDA Tiers Monde for the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) contributes to the ongoing debate around access modalities for the GCF. In particular, the paper:

  • explains the terminology around ‘direct access’ and ‘enhanced direct access’, outlining the competencies and capacities needed at each institutional level  to achieve direct access
  • reviews recent experience of using the direct access approach in international climate funds
  • makes recommendations to the GCF Board and others.

Key messages include:

  • The Green Climate Fund (GCF) Board must put access modalities in place as soon as possible, so it can start disbursing funds. In the meantime, it could consider the conditional, interim accreditation of institutions that have been accredited by other climate funds.
  • The Board should learn from the experiences of others, particularly the Adaptation Fund and the Global Environment Facility (GEF), regarding how to provide developing countries with direct access to climate finance.
  • The Board should note some of the particular barriers to direct access in the past – for example, difficulties in achieving fiduciary standards – and the need to build developing countries’ capacity in these areas.
  • The degree of direct access to the GCF will also depend on each country’s ability to devolve decision-making power to the lowest effective level in its governance structure, at the national or subnational level.