DOCUMENTATION OF SELECTED ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN RICE CULTIVATION
This paper highlights published cases related to various climatic conditions that have impacts on rice cultivation practices. Due to the needs to continue rice farming, whether for traditional, cultural or economic reasons, rice farmers in Asia resorted to various adaptation practices that might have deviated from their common practices. This includes the introduction of modern technologies or new rice varieties that promised to withstand the effects of adverse climatic conditions.There are various climate changesthat are commonly addressed. These include heavy monsoon rains, droughts,forest fire, rising sea level, temperature increase, intense rainfall, typhoons, frequent of extreme weather variability, floods, highsalinity, warmer winter and cooler summers, reduced precipitation, prolong coldspell, inappropriate rain, soil erosion anddry spell. This research studied the impacts of droughts, floods, and cold spellson rice production in Thailand, Vietnam and the Philippines.