Planetary health is today inextricably linked to population health. Climate change, an integral part of planetary health, is foremost among the global environmental changes affecting human health. This mammoth challenge carries the potential to cripple health systems worldwide and profoundly alter disease dynamics, thereby threatening the well-knit fabric as well as growth of society. Unfortunately, much of the evidence for these linkages has come largely from the developed world. By focusing on India, one of the significant developing countries of the global economy, Climate Change and Disease Dynamics in India aims to fill a crucial gap in the field of climate science and public health.