There are three main types of gender indicators (see Box 7 for further reading);menus of possible gender indicators are provided for each sector discussed in Section 7. Indicators should be selected after gender-sensitive consultation with clients and beneficiaries. Projects are likely to choose from one or more of these categories, depending on resources available and interest in project impacts:
- Project performance indicators
monitor implementation progress (e.g., kilometers of flood-dikes built, number of people trained by a specific date during the project implementation period). Project performance indicators measure intermediate results during implementation. They differ from results indicators due to the timeframes involved.
- Results indicators
measure quantitative and qualitative dimensions that are expected at the end of the project and compared to pre-set targets (e.g., service satisfaction indicators).
- Impact indicators
can be quantitative or qualitative and typically assess the socioeconomic impacts of project interventions. Typically, these would be measured several years after project completion.
A baseline measurement is collected, either prior to or during the first year of a project. In some cases, these may come from secondary sources (e.g., carbon emissions), or they are collected by the project itself. CCA includes two complex concepts, vulnerability and resilience, that are typically measured by proxy or index indicators. Data collection for each type of indicator, bio-physical and socioeconomic, can be done through different methods, depending on the budget.
Box 7. Further reading about gender-related indicators
- Escalante, A.C., and M. Del Rocio Peinador. 2000. Eyes that see … hearts that feel: Equity indicators. IUCN and Arias Foundation for Peace and Human Progress, San Jose, Costa Rica.
Covers a range of sectors and objectives, as well as a process for selection of indicators.
- Rodriquez, G., N. Melendez, E. Velazquez, and M.A. Fuentes. 2000. Taking the pulse of gender: Gender- sensitive systems for monitoring and evaluation. IUCN and Arias Foundation for Peace and Human Progress, San Jose, Costa Rica.
Reviews processes for organizations and projects.
- World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization, and International Fund for Agricultural Development. 2009. Gender in agriculture sourcebook. World Bank, Washington, DC.
Offers indicators for a wide range of agriculture subsectors, including forestry and fisheries.