Vulnerability assessment and adaptation programme for climate change within the coastal zone of Cambodia considering livelihood improvement and ecosystems
BEST PRACTICE IN:
Ministry of Environment of Cambodia; National Coastal Steering Comittee of Cambodia; UNEP-DHI Centre on Water and Environment (UDC)
Various sectoral ministries, sub-national and local leaders
Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF); Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (CCCA); Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology (MoWRAM); Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF); Ministry of Environment (MOE)
• On-the-ground investment in vulnerable areas to rehabilitate degraded mangrove forests;
• Introduce alternative livelihoods;
• Protect agricultural production systems;
• Raise awareness regarding climate change, its impacts and appropriate adaptation mechanisms; and
• Provision of policy advice and scientific tools for adaptation planning at the national and local levels.
Climate change is likely to further reduce agricultural productivity, hamper livelihoods and degrade productive and protective ecosystems. Coastal communities, district leaders, provincial leaders and national government presently lack the technical capacity, climate change knowledge, management capacity as well as the physical and financial resources to overcome and withstand the anticipated climate change-related threats. This capacity deficit and vulnerability to climate change impacts stems from the following underlying non-climate change-driven causes:
• High poverty levels;
• Dependence on rain-fed agriculture;
• Unsustainable use of natural resources;
• Weak coordination of coastal development activities; and
• Weak enforcement of policies.
Reduce coastal vulnerability to climate change impacts on agricultural systems and natural ecosystems within the coastal zone.
To reduce the vulnerability of coastal communities to the impacts of climate change by strengthening policy and science, and demonstrating targeted local interventions to increase ecosystem resilience
The project will increase the resilience of coastal buffers to climate change and improve livelihoods of coastal communities by:
• Planting of trees on dune systems on the Peam Krasaop beach to stabilize sand and to protect mangrove ecosystems and vulnerable villages from increased storm activity; and
• Mangrove restoration of mudflats in the Peam Krasaop district to create coastal buffering against increased incidences of tropical cyclones, strong winds, sea-level rise and storm surges.
Expected outputs include:
• Systems and processes for identification and implementation of adaptation measures;
• Climate change risks are incorporated into development plans and policy;
• Relevant government departments are trained on climate change risks within the coastal zone;
• Indicators for monitoring climate change impacts and assessing risks in the coastal zone in place;
• Vulnerability maps for sensitive ecosystems and infrastructure within the coastal zone;
• Relevant provincial- and district-level stakeholders are trained on climate-proofing development and adaptation planning within the coastal zone;
• Coastal communities use agricultural practices protected from changing climatic conditions and livelihoods are improved;
• Ecosystem-based coastal protection through mangrove system restoration; and
• Increased awareness on the importance of mangrove system restoration.
On-the-ground adaptation measures will be tested at the demonstration sites to identify the activities that can be upscaled to other sites and provinces within the coastal zone, based on their demonstrated cost-effectiveness. The extensive training and capacity building of local communities and technical staff regarding adaptation measures will ensure that future programmes/projects within the coastal zone are climate-resilient and that the project interventions will be replicated.