Pacific Islands Climate Change Assistance Programme (PICCAP)
BEST PRACTICE IN:
Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment (SPREP)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Global Environment Facility (GEF)-Trust Fund
The PICCAP project started in 1997 funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and executed by SPREP to assist 10 Pacific Island countries that signed and ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) with their reporting, training, capacity building under the convention. Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Republic of Republic of Marshall Islands, Nauru, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu have appointed Climate Change Country Teams and a Climate Change Country Co-coordinators to:
• Inventorise sources and sinks of greenhouse gases;
• Identify and evaluate mitigation options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions;
• Assess vulnerability to climate change;
• Develop adaptation options; and
• Develop a national implementation strategy for mitigating and adapting to climate change over the long term.
Niue and PNG also have climate change programmes, but these are funded directly by GEF through the United Nations Environment Programme(UNEP) and UNDP, and are not included in PICCAP.
Build capacity on reporting and training under the UNFCCC
Designed to strengthen capacities of participating countries in terms of training, institutional strengthening and planning activities to enable meeting of reporting commitments under UNFCCC
There are six major capacity building objectives leading to the following outputs:
• An inventory of greenhouse gas sources and sinks;
• An evaluation of mitigation options;
• National vulnerability assessments;
• An evaluation of adaptation options;
• A national climate change implementation plan; and
• First national communications under the UNFCCC.
Some of the outputs under this project include: Eight participants have submitted initial national communications – most of these were submitted in October 1999 (and reported in COP-5).
• Insufficient time to enable findings to improve quality of initial national communications; and
• Should assist in preparation of second national communications.
• A total of 23 participants from Cook Islands, FSM, Fiji, Kiribati, RMI, Nauru, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu and Niue attended a SPREP Regional Training Workshop on National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Methodology in 1998 for training in national inventories of greenhouse gas sources and sinks.
• Participants from 12 countries, including Niue and PNG participated in training on assessing climate change vulnerability and adaptation requirements during a six-month training course on climate change vulnerability and adaptation assessment at the International Global Change Institute (IGCI), University of Waikato, New Zealand in 1998.
• Additional benefits: designed for 10 countries, but Niue, Papua New Guinea, Tonga and Palau also participated in PICCAP meetings, workshops and training activities, and two of these countries have also now submitted national communications.
• PICCAP sought an evaluation of its key technical outputs:
- Evaluation and synthesis of the 10 Vulnerability and Assessment reports; and
- Evaluation and synthesis of the 10 national GHG inventory reports.
UNDP Pacific Centre
Level 7, Kadavu House,
414 Victoria Parade,
Suva, Fiji Islands
Tel: +679 330 0399
Fax: +679 330 1976